Fragmentation in multicellular organisms is a form of asexual reproduction in which an organism is split into fragments. Each of Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction fragments develop into matured, fully grown individuals that are identical to their parents. The splitting may or may not be intentional — it may or may not occur due to man-made or natural damage by the environment or predators. This kind of organism may develop specific organs or zones that may be shed easily broken off.
Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction the splitting occurs without the prior preparation Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction the organism, both fragments must be able to regenerate the complete organism for it to function as reproduction. Fragmentation, also known as splitting, as a method of reproduction is seen in Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction organisms Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction as filamentous cyanobacteriamoldslichensFahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction plants, and animals such as spongesacoel flatwormssome annelid worms and sea stars.
Moulds, yeasts and mushroomsall of which are part of the Fungi kingdomproduce tiny filaments called hyphae. These hyphae obtain food and nutrients from the body of other organisms to grow and fertilize. Then a piece of hyphae breaks off and grows into a new individual and the cycle continues. Many lichens produce specialized structures that can easily break away and disperse. These structures contain both the hyphae of the mycobiont and the algae phycobiont see soredia and isidia. Larger fragments of the thallus break away when the lichen dries or due to mechanical disturbances see the section on reproduction in lichens.
Fragmentation is a very common type of vegetative
Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction in plants. Many treesshrubsnonwoody perennialsand ferns form clonal colonies by producing new rooted shoots by rhizomes or stolonswhich increases the diameter of the colony.
If a rooted shoot becomes detached from the colony, then fragmentation has occurred. There are several other mechanisms of natural fragmentation in plants. Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction use fragmentation to artificially propagate many plants divisionlayeringcuttingsgraftingmicropropagation and storage organssuch as bulbscormstubers and rhizomes.
Animals like sponges and coral colonies naturally fragment and reproduce. Many species of annelids and flat worms reproduce by this
Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction. When the splitting occurs due to
Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction developmental changes, the terms architomy, paratomy and budding are used.
In architomy the animal splits at a particular point and the two fragments regenerate the missing organs and tissues. The splitting is not preceded by the development Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction the tissues to be lost.
Prior to splitting, the animal may develop furrows at the zone of splitting. The headless fragment has to regenerate a Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction head. In paratomythe split occurs perpendicular to the antero-posterior
Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction and the split is preceded by the Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction of the anterior structures in the posterior portion.
The two organisms have their body axis aligned i. Budding can be considered to be similar to paratomy except that the body axes need not be aligned: Convolutriloba an acoel flat worm.
Many types of coral colonies can increase in number by fragmentation that occurs naturally  or artificially. Within the reef aquarium hobby, enthusiasts regularly fragment corals for a multitude of purposes including shape control; selling to, trading with, or sharing with others; regrowth experiments; and minimizing damage to natural coral reefs. Both hard and soft corals can be fragmented.
Genera that have shown to be highly tolerant of fragmentation include AcroporaMontiporaPocilloporaEuphylliaand Caulastraea among many others.
There are a variety of methods including longitudinal fissionwhere Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction original anemone splits across the middle, forming Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction equal-sized anemones, and basal lacerationin which small parts of the animal split Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction the base and form a new anemone.
In echinodermsthe process is usually known as fissiparity a term also used infrequently for fission in general. Some species can intentionally reproduce in this manner through autotomy. This method more common during the larval stages. As this process is a form of asexual reproduction, it does not produce genetic diversity in the offspring. Therefore, these are more vulnerable to changing environments.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Each of these fragments develop into matured, fully grown individuals that are identical to their parents The splitting may or may not be intentional — it may or may not occur due to man-made or natural damage by the environment or predators. Branch propagation, not cladoptosis, permits dispersive, clonal reproduction of riparian cottonwoods. Forest Ecology and Management Archived from the original on Cryptogamie, Bryologie, Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction in Spanish.
Part C, Embryo Today: Archived from the original PDF on Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Not just for
Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction. Retrieved 3 September In Baruch Rinkevich; Valeria Matranga. Stem Cells in Marine Organisms. Retrieved from " https: Fertility medicine Fahrig fragmentation asexual reproduction reproduction.
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